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Some Book Topics
Music comes in all shapes and sizes. Some music is spontaneous and easy to make. A folk singer may be quite charming, strumming simple chords on a guitar, singing a plain song in a spontaneous and undisciplined manner. Other music requires years of disciplined study and practice and involves complex concepts and notation systems. Classical music originated in Europe as an art form that required, talent, study and years of disciplined practice to achieve levels of performance required by classical composers. The great composers are still considered to be extraordinary humans, some geniuses, whose works are worth of study, reverence and repeated performance by symphony orchestras in most large cities. University music departments teach classical music and develop the advanced skills in students who will play in symphony orchestras.
Music historians have followed the path of art historians, creating periods (in Europe) and identifying the evolution of musical styles thru these periods. Although the Classical period was limited to the years 1750 to 8120, all music that relates to formal notation, well-educated musicians and orchestral repertoires is referred to as "classical music". I consider the period definitions to be arbitrary and do not share musicologists' enthusiasm for debates about who did what and when.
I am interested in the evolution of musical ideas and styles. One feature of 21st century music is the tendency toward anarchy where all prior assumptions and definitions are vulnerable. Here is a simple music history timeline:
Classical music began as entertainment for rich aristocrats and a showcase feature of rich churches who could afford to support composers and musicians as full time employees. In the smaller venues of entertainment rooms in the homes of the wealthy, small chamber ensembles played pieces composed specifically for those audiences. Some pieces were for listening, others for dancing, and others as background music, part of the décor. Virtuoso performers played pieces designed to impress audiences with their technical skills.
Some of the great composers were also skilled performers who improvised in these small gatherings and competed with each other. Mozart was a childhood virtuoso and talented improviser who travelled Europe with his father and sister, impressing audiences.
Beethoven took advantage of improvements in instrument construction that allowed players to develop more virtuoso techniques. Beethoven is credited with the kind of progression of musical innovation that we recognize in the evolution of jazz in the 20th century. Stravinsky referred to his last quartets, as "this absolutely contemporary piece of music that will be contemporary forever." Among Beethoven’s innovations are complex syncopations and cross-rhythms; synchronized runs of sixteenth, thirty-second, and sixty-fourth notes; and sudden modulations requiring special attention to intonation.”
One definition of classical music is whatever a symphony orchestra plays. While its true that orchestral repertoires in Europe and North America have always featured works by composers of the classical period, composers of the romantic era and to a lesser extend the 20th century received their attention. As orchestras in the late 20th century lost audiences, they became more interested in popular music, broadways shows and would even play with jazz groups and rock and roll bands. Symphonic music became Hollywood movie soundtracks.
I enjoyed several years of symphony concerts when I was a student in Toronto. The Toronto symphony attracted a series of world-class soloists and presented both classical music and performances of more modern symphonic music. The music notes for each performance formed a basic knowledge of music. I recall preferring Bach, Tchaikovsky, Mozart, Beethoven and learned to appreciate Debussy, Stravinsky, Mahler and Richard Strauss.
Mackenzie Patel , a university student, shared her enthusiasm for orchestral music: ”Over the past month, I have absorbed and drunk in and worshipped and fell in love with several symphonies thanks to my musically savvy academic team buddies. I was bewitched by Scheherazade, blown away by the Jupiter movement of The Planets, and stunned to death by Petrushka. There’s nothing quite like discovering a new piece of music, whether it be online or in person, and slowly becoming enamored with in until the captivating melodies and chords are all your mind can ponder. the power of music is unforgettable because of the sheer amount of talent needed to perform most classical pieces. In today’s world, fabricated and robotic sounds can be produced with a tap of the finger, but where’s the real talent in that? With classical music, human fingers have to cramp, bleed, and caress strings and keys, not vaguely hover over a soundboard with impersonal blue and green blinking lights. I respect classical musicians because so much beauty is produced only through hours of practice and frustration. The striking noise that grips my heart is real and pure, not a phantom of authenticity. There’s nothing fake about it, and in a world that’s increasingly obsessed with a perfect unreality, it’s one of the only genuine crafts left. (Mackenzie Patel .The Transcendent Power Of Classical Music)
The Persona Classical Series focuses on the music of JS Bach and Amadeus Mozart. Stephen Gislason selects and arranges pieces that are then developed in the studio using synthesizer voices and multitrack recording. In previous years, some of Bach’s pieces became contemporary hits: for example, by the Swingle Singers' (Air on the G string, Wachet Auf chorale prelude) and Wendy Carlos' 1968 album, Switched-On Bach, created with a Moog synthesizer. Stephen recalls " I enjoyed the Carlos arrangements and was inspired to learn about synthesizers. The distinct timbres of the Moog synthesizer voices made the four voices in preludes and fugues stand out clearly. I have edited and rearranged Bach's pieces with new voicing, new intonations seeking the clarity of voice definition I heard in "Switched on Bach." I like to imagine the if Bach were alive, he would enjoy this novel play on his musical ideas."