Skin in Health and Disease

Some Topics

Skin Infections with Bacteria and Fungi

Skin Infection

Bacterial Skin Infections

Bacteria are residents of the skin, shared with other people in a variety of ways. Infections may result from skin injury, insect bites, but often arise spontaneously by bacterial invasion of hair follicles and skin glands. A boil is a localized abscess created by the growth of staphylococci in a hair follicle. Spreading infections, described as cellulitis, are commonly caused by group A streptococci. Rarely, infections with virulent stains of Strep A progress to cell death in deep tissue (necrotising fasciitis).

Hand cleansing in hospitals is the most important method of infection control. Cleaning skin wounds with  warm water and antiseptic detergents such as chlorhexidine is a primary method of infection control. Topical antibiotics and a protective bandage are secondary infection control measures. The identification of infecting organisms is not easy.  Skin swabs will grow a mixture of organisms, suggesting the need for an unnecessarily broad antibiotic coverage.

Antibiotics that inhibit the growth of group A streptococci and Staph. aureus are used when an infection is not controlled by local measures Bacterial resistance has made most penicillins obsolete, so that the choice of antibiotic requires physicians expertise and knowledge of local bacterial strains. Newer fluoroquinolone antibiotics such as moxifloxacin and levofloxacin have advantages over existing drugs. They have been approved for the once-daily treatment of skin infections.

Fungal Skin Infections

Fungi are found everywhere and yeasts form part of the normal skin flora. Fungal infections of the skin, hair and nails are common skin diseases. Fungi can infect the skin of people of all ages. Increased incidence occurs in immunocompromised patients who have AIDS, diabetes, or are being treated with chemotherapeutic agents and therapy directed at reducing inflammation. People with diabetes and people who are simply getting older have more skin infections.

Skin infections can divided into the most common superficial group that stays in the outer layers of the skin and an invasive group that extends beyond the skin in adjacent tissues and may spread to other organs. Invasive skin infections such as blastomycosis often develop after a primary lung infection is established. The infecting yeast travel in the blood from the lung to skin areas. See Blastomycosis of the Skin.

Learn More About Skin Infection with Fungi

Karen N. Keating; Howard Friedman; Eleanor M. Perfetto. Fluoroquinolone Therapy for Uncomplicated Skin and Skin Structure Infections.  Clin Drug Invest.  2005;25(10):621-613.

Skin in Health and Disease is a book about skin health, skin care that offers solutions to specific skin disorders through diet revision an improved nutrition. The good news for many suffers some chronic skin disorders is that complete diet revision will often improve and sometimes resolve skin symptoms. This book focuses on the most common skin disorders that can be controlled by changes in skin care, diet and the environment. Eczema, for example, is sometimes an expression of food allergy, or allergy to contact materials. Dermatologist may deny the food allergy causes, so that their patients often have to make independent decisions. In all aspects of medicine, we advocate responsible self-management and offer this book as primer and reference for self-managers with skin problems.


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The book, Skin in Heath and Disease is intended to be used with the Alpha Nutrition Program. This text provides background knowledge, helpful in understanding skin disorders and the relevance of diet revision. Often a food holiday on Alpha ENF is the best way to begin recovery and the Alpha Nutrition program is an ideal way to design a safer, healthier long-term diet. If diet revision is appropriate to solve your Skin Disorders, you can order the the Starter Pack Option.

Starter Packs bundle the Alpha Nutrition Program, with other books and formulas to help you get started solving your health problems. The starter packs are sold at discounts to make it easier and affordable for you to learn more and try our nutrient formulas. If you are not ready for the starter pack, Order Books Separately.

All Alpha Nutrition Books, Formulas and Starter Packs are ordered at Alpha Online. Physical shipments by the Post Office to all destinations in Canada and the USA.  eBooks are downloaded and can be delivered to any destination on the planet. Click the Download button to order and download PDF files from Alpha Online.

Alpha Online is a hub for twenty five Medical Information Centers. Each center acts as its own web site with a home page and a list of links to relevant topics. Take advantage of 800 pages of text which describe common medical problems and introduce you to innovative solutions such as Alpha ENF and the Alpha Nutrition Program.

Alpha Nutrition is a trademark and a division of Environmed Research Inc., founded in 1984 at Vancouver, BC, Canada. Online Since 1995.
 Experts in Self-Managed Care. Experts in Elemental Nutrient Formulas. Head Office is located in Sechelt on the Sunshine Coast, British Columbia.
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