Skin in Health and Disease

Some Topics

Skin Design

Skin is composed of the skin itself and supporting tissue (hypodermis). There are two skin layers: the epidermis is surface layer, one-tenth of a millimeter thick. It is the first barrier preventing invasion of foreign microbes and substances. The epidermis is a multilayered keratinized squamous epithelium. Keratinocytes produce keratin, the proteins that form the most exterior skin layer (horny layer). Keratinocytes gradually migrate from deeper layers to the skin surface and are shed.

The dermis below is a complex tissue made of collagen fibers, sweat glands, hair roots, nerve cells, nerve fibers, blood and lymph vessels. Cone-shaped loops of collagen fibers rise as  papillas into the epidermis linking the two layers of skin.  Beneath the dermis is the sub cutis, a layer of loose, chamber-structured connective tissue and fat.

Skin Glands

There are two types of sweat glands, eccrine and apocrine. There are about 3 million eccrine sweat glands that have a tubular shape and are found all over the body. About 3,000 sweat glands per square inch are found in the palm of the hand. The secretory base of the gland lies below the dermis in the subcutaneous tissue. A duct follows a spiral course through the dermis to the skin surface. An adult secretes a minimum of 100 ml sweat each day; heat exposure, and work increase sweat production to a maximum of 10 liters per day. The most important function of sweat production is body cooling.   Water evaporation requires heat taken from the skin, cooling the skin surface. Sweating under the arms is suppressed by antiperspirants containing aluminum salts.


Hair is produced in hair follicles by cells at the base of each hair.  Follicular cells are added to the hair fiber and become compressed and molded as the hair root moves up the follicle. The shape of the follicle determines whether the hair will be straight or curly. As more cells are added, the hair fiber is pushed up and out and keratinized.  By the time the hair emerges from the follicle all the cells are dead. The cells layers are a cortex, or core, surrounded by the cuticle. There may be a hollow center or medulla.

Skin in Health and Disease is a book about skin health, skin care that offers solutions to specific skin disorders through diet revision an improved nutrition. The good news for many suffers some chronic skin disorders is that complete diet revision will often improve and sometimes resolve skin symptoms. This book focuses on the most common skin disorders that can be controlled by changes in skin care, diet and the environment. Eczema, for example, is sometimes an expression of food allergy, or allergy to contact materials. Dermatologist may deny the food allergy causes, so that their patients often have to make independent decisions. In all aspects of medicine, we advocate responsible self-management and offer this book as primer and reference for self-managers with skin problems.


The book, Skin in Heath and Disease is intended to be used with the Alpha Nutrition Program. This text provides background knowledge, helpful in understanding skin disorders and the relevance of diet revision. Often a food holiday on Alpha ENF is the best way to begin recovery and the Alpha Nutrition program is an ideal way to design a safer, healthier long-term diet. If diet revision is appropriate to solve your Skin Disorders, you can order the the Starter Pack Option.

Starter Packs bundle the Alpha Nutrition Program, with other books and formulas to help you get started solving your health problems. The starter packs are sold at discounts to make it easier and affordable for you to learn more and try our nutrient formulas. If you are not ready for the starter pack, Order Books Separately.

All Alpha Nutrition Books, Formulas and Starter Packs are ordered at Alpha Online. Physical shipments by the Post Office to all destinations in Canada and the USA.  eBooks are downloaded and can be delivered to any destination on the planet. Click the Download button to order and download PDF files from Alpha Online.

Alpha Online is a hub for twenty five Medical Information Centers. Each center acts as its own web site with a home page and a list of links to relevant topics. Take advantage of 800 pages of text which describe common medical problems and introduce you to innovative solutions such as Alpha ENF and the Alpha Nutrition Program.

Alpha Nutrition is a trademark and a division of Environmed Research Inc., founded in 1984 at Vancouver, BC, Canada. Online Since 1995.
 Experts in Self-Managed Care. Experts in Elemental Nutrient Formulas. Head Office is located in Sechelt on the Sunshine Coast, British Columbia.
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