Emotions and Feelings


 For Me Ness

Some Topics

Hostility and Hate

Hatred is often misrepresented as an emotion. Hatred is another complex of cognition, behavior, emotions and feelings. Hatred is based on casemaking and story telling and thrives on misinformation. Hate can be defined as persistent, recurrent story telling that treats outsiders as aliens who are to be feared and despised. The emotions associated with hatred are fear, disgust, anger and rage.

Hostility is a broad term that refers the mix of cognitive structures associated with hatred, the frequent expression of anger, threatening displays and the dysphoric feelings that are prolonged and/or recurrent. A hostile human usually has a well-developed case against the targets of his or her hostility. The case is prejudicial and unyielding. Hostility is a feature of discrimination that is practiced systematically and may become a permanent feature of an individual human's life.

Hate is mostly a cognitive process that is constructed slowly but surely; the emotional components may erupt only occasionally. Angry hate is destructive and leads to acts of aggression that, from time to time, disrupt efforts to establish peaceful co-existence in many areas of the world. The beliefs that support hate tend to be enduring and resist modification by new learning.

Strong beliefs associated with religious fundamentalism almost always have a hate component and underlie enduring or recurring conflicts. Religions involve groups with strict boundaries, inclusion-exclusion rules and belief in the superiority of group leaders, icons and gods. All groups, large and small, define and defend their boundaries with hate stories.

The benefit of hate is to enhance the readiness of a group to defend itself or to motivate an attack to weaken by killing members of and stealing scarce resources from a neighboring or rival group. An alien is any creature, real or imaginary, who is not a member of the group. The dynamics of hate involve repeated telling of a hate stories to arouse fear and anger.

Hate groups, preparing for an attack, will meet and use story telling, dancing, chanting, music, drama and ritual to arouse the emotions of the group to energize an attack. Mobs, hostility and hate go together. The reptilian part of the human brain clings to old routines even when circumstances change and the old routines are no longer effective. Painful past events tend to be recalled more often by selftalk and are repeated and embellished as casemaking. The hostile case argues that someone or some group has wronged you in the past and/or will harm you in the future; the wrongs are detailed; revenge and retribution is sought. Grudges and revenge motivation, as hate, can be maintained for generations.

 


    Emotions and Feelings

  • This book investigates the for-me-ness of experiences, using psychology, neuroscience and philosophy. Everyone has some idea what emotions and feelings are but their exact nature is elusive. We can begin by noting that emotions and feelings are not the same. Generally, humans are ignorant of internal processes and invent all manner of imaginary and irrelevant explanations to explain feelings. The term “emotion” is best used to point to animal and human behavior. There are a small number of primary emotions and variations that involve mixtures of emotional displays with other behaviors. Joy, anger, fear and pain are pure emotions. Other, more complex and derivative experiences act as interfaces to emotions. Love, jealousy and hate are not emotions. These are descriptions of complex interactions and evaluations that involve a range of feelings and interface to true emotions some of the time. For example, lovers experience a range of feelings and display different emotions at different times. Euphoria is the benefit of being in love. Sadness and anger are the cost of being in love. Jealousy, like love, is another complex of cognitions, feelings and emotions that exist to monitor and regulate close relationships. The absence of emotional display is highly valued in polite society. Humans have advanced toward civil and productive social environments that are emotionally neutral. Emotional neutrality is a requirement for acceptable behavior in school and work environments.

    Emotions and Feelings is available as an eBook download. The book is intended for a well-educated smart reader who is interested in Human Nature and the daily experience of humans in groups. The author is Stephen Gislason

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    Print Books Read Topics Download
    Human Nature
    The Good Person
    Pieces of the Puzzle
    The Sound of Music
    Surviving Human Nature
    Language and Thinking
    I and Thou
    Emotions, Feelings
    Neuroscience Notes
    Human Brain
    Children & Family
    Intelligence & Learning
    Religion 21st Century

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    The Psychology, Philosophy, Neuroscience series of books was developed by Persona Digital. The books are copyright and all rights to reproduction by any means are reserved. We encourage readers to quote and paraphrase topics from Emotions and Feelings 2016, published online, and expect proper citations to accompany all derivative writings. The author is Stephen Gislason and the publisher is Persona Digital Books, Sechelt, B.C. Canada.