Emotions and Feelings

 For Me Ness

Some Topics

Pain = Senstations and Emotions

Humans in pain cry, scream, shout, moan, hold their injured arm close to their body, crouch, fall to the ground, writhe in pain, and plead for help. The injured patient in the emergency room is fearful one moment and angry the next; give me morphine! The emotional display attracts onlookers to rush and help or sometimes to flee. Pain, fear and anger are closely linked. Humans and other animals are fearful of any situation that might cause pain. We do not want to repeat painful experiences. A painful experience is remembered vividly and, like fear, is strongly aversive. Pain is usually considered to be a sensory experience but also belongs to emotions and feelings. The prescription of pain-reducing drugs and use of anesthetics for trauma and surgery are the physician’s main contribution to reducing the suffering of patients

The emotional part of pain is the visible behavior associated with pain, usually unmistakable.

The feeling states called “pain” are varied and always unpleasant. Pain is a monitor image of a dysfunctional body state. The apparent purpose of pain is to flood consciousness with a pervasive dysphoria that blocks other activities. Animals who stop everything when they are sick and injured survive better than animals who ignore their dysfunctional body.

Pain is one of the main features of consciousness and is widely distributed in the animal world. All mammals experience pain and there is no reason to believe that other animals experience pain more or less than we do. There is every reason to believe that it is the same pain and that pain has survival value. Most humans experience pain vividly and the relief of pain is one of the most important functions of physicians.

Descriptions of pain are varied and not always clear. The physician will want the patient to qualify their pain experience with descriptions such as "sharp, aching, burning, shooting, crampy…" since different qualities of pain point to different causes. An overweight 60-year-old patient who complains of "crushing pain" in his or her chest, is sweating and is afraid of dying, almost certainly is having a heart attack.

If you have a toothache, the pain develops over several hours in a remarkable manner. A fully developed toothache can completely disable. The most common cause of a toothache is a little infection at the tip of the tooth root. The pain signal is sent along a hair-sized nerve from a tiny area of inflammation.

The pain seems to enlarge as it develops and instead of remaining localized to a small area around the tooth, the pain will spread to involve the whole side of the face, temple, jaw, and will often extend into the neck. The pain may throb since the tiny nerve is adjacent to an arteriole that expands and contracts. This tiny motion is felt as a giant throb. The amplification of a tiny event into a gigantic experience is typical of pain. The spread of pain sensations from a localized source to a generalized area and sometimes a distant area is also typical of pain.

    Emotions and Feelings

  • This book investigates the for-me-ness of experiences, using psychology, neuroscience and philosophy. Everyone has some idea what emotions and feelings are but their exact nature is elusive. We can begin by noting that emotions and feelings are not the same. Generally, humans are ignorant of internal processes and invent all manner of imaginary and irrelevant explanations to explain feelings. The term “emotion” is best used to point to animal and human behavior. There are a small number of primary emotions and variations that involve mixtures of emotional displays with other behaviors. Joy, anger, fear and pain are pure emotions. Other, more complex and derivative experiences act as interfaces to emotions. Love, jealousy and hate are not emotions. These are descriptions of complex interactions and evaluations that involve a range of feelings and interface to true emotions some of the time. For example, lovers experience a range of feelings and display different emotions at different times. Euphoria is the benefit of being in love. Sadness and anger are the cost of being in love. Jealousy, like love, is another complex of cognitions, feelings and emotions that exist to monitor and regulate close relationships. The absence of emotional display is highly valued in polite society. Humans have advanced toward civil and productive social environments that are emotionally neutral. Emotional neutrality is a requirement for acceptable behavior in school and work environments.

    Emotions and Feelings is available as an eBook download. The book is intended for a well-educated smart reader who is interested in Human Nature and the daily experience of humans in groups. The author is Stephen Gislason

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    Human Nature
    The Good Person
    Pieces of the Puzzle
    The Sound of Music
    Surviving Human Nature
    Language and Thinking
    I and Thou
    Emotions, Feelings
    Neuroscience Notes
    Human Brain
    Children & Family
    Intelligence & Learning
    Religion 21st Century

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    The Psychology, Philosophy, Neuroscience series of books was developed by Persona Digital. The books are copyright and all rights to reproduction by any means are reserved. We encourage readers to quote and paraphrase topics from Emotions and Feelings 2016, published online, and expect proper citations to accompany all derivative writings. The author is Stephen Gislason and the publisher is Persona Digital Books, Sechelt, B.C. Canada.