Emotions and Feelings

 For Me Ness

Some Topics

Dominance and Submission

A dominant human is bold and aggressive, will stand tall and gesture strongly. A submissive human is meek and passive and will lower his gaze, lower his head, crouch or otherwise become smaller.

We have recognized that spoken language plays a decisive role in maintain and changing social status. Polite talk maintains the peace when everybody obeys the rules of appropriate speech.

When strangers meet, the exchange of greeting behaviors establishes status. Equal strangers are polite and non-aggressive; they exchange standard greetings and converse about neutral subjects such as the weather. If their conversation continues, both will attempt to establish dominance over the other. Unequal strangers will show status-specific behaviors with degrees of dominance and submission. Conflict arises when one of the strangers behaves inappropriately.

Deference is the antidote to conflict. In well-organized social situations status is recognized and conspicuously displayed so that there are few opportunities for inappropriate encounters.

Dominant humans can command subordinates and will punish disobedience. Group dynamics always involves the interplay of demands and compliance with demands. There is inevitable tension in all groups since the task of dominant ones is to maintain superiority and the task of submissive ones is to challenge dominance with the hope of improving social status and access to resources and privileges.

There is a deep tendency to prefer dominance. Whenever possible, a human will seek advantages that will improve his or her status. Thus, it is better to have a bigger salary, a bigger house, a bigger car and a bigger dog. If you want to sell something in a competitive market, just claim newer, bigger and better. A product or service that offers competitive advantage, if believable, is irresistible.

Occasional confrontations interrupt the social order and sometimes allow submissive individuals to improve their social status, through alliances, gift giving, sexual favors and by fighting against authority. Kudryavtseva stated: “Agonistic (competitive) behavior includes the manifestations of aggression and submissiveness by individuals in conflict situations and is a universal form of behavior found in animals of different species. The sensory contact model allows aggressive and submissive (inhibited, suppressed) types of behavior to be formed in male mice as a result of acquisition of repeated experience of social conquests or defeats. Experience of aggression is accompanied by activation of the dopaminergic systems in the victors. Experience of social defeat leads to changes in the state of the serotoninergic and noradrenergic systems of various parts of the brains of the defeated animals. Significant differences in emotional expression, movement activity, investigative activity, communicative ability, alcohol consumption, and many physiological aspects were found in animals of opposite social groups.“

    Emotions and Feelings

  • This book investigates the for-me-ness of experiences, using psychology, neuroscience and philosophy. Everyone has some idea what emotions and feelings are but their exact nature is elusive. We can begin by noting that emotions and feelings are not the same. Generally, humans are ignorant of internal processes and invent all manner of imaginary and irrelevant explanations to explain feelings. The term “emotion” is best used to point to animal and human behavior. There are a small number of primary emotions and variations that involve mixtures of emotional displays with other behaviors. Joy, anger, fear and pain are pure emotions. Other, more complex and derivative experiences act as interfaces to emotions. Love, jealousy and hate are not emotions. These are descriptions of complex interactions and evaluations that involve a range of feelings and interface to true emotions some of the time. For example, lovers experience a range of feelings and display different emotions at different times. Euphoria is the benefit of being in love. Sadness and anger are the cost of being in love. Jealousy, like love, is another complex of cognitions, feelings and emotions that exist to monitor and regulate close relationships. The absence of emotional display is highly valued in polite society. Humans have advanced toward civil and productive social environments that are emotionally neutral. Emotional neutrality is a requirement for acceptable behavior in school and work environments.

    Emotions and Feelings is available as an eBook download. The book is intended for a well-educated smart reader who is interested in Human Nature and the daily experience of humans in groups. The author is Stephen Gislason

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    Print Books Read Topics Download
    Human Nature
    The Good Person
    Pieces of the Puzzle
    The Sound of Music
    Surviving Human Nature
    Language and Thinking
    I and Thou
    Emotions, Feelings
    Neuroscience Notes
    Human Brain
    Children & Family
    Intelligence & Learning
    Religion 21st Century

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    The Psychology, Philosophy, Neuroscience series of books was developed by Persona Digital. The books are copyright and all rights to reproduction by any means are reserved. We encourage readers to quote and paraphrase topics from Emotions and Feelings 2016, published online, and expect proper citations to accompany all derivative writings. The author is Stephen Gislason and the publisher is Persona Digital Books, Sechelt, B.C. Canada.