|Religion 21st Century|
Christianity - The Roman Church
The Roman Church has used costumes, drama, music and propaganda to remain an international presence. The claims of the church were perhaps more believable centuries ago, but the Church has always been in the insurance business and retains an irrational hold on its members. Without regular dramatic meetings, communion, confession and the last rights, your insurance policy is cancelled. You face eternal damnation in hell. Despite its history of wars, inquisitions, and corruption, the church continues to claim virtues that it has not earned. The pretense of virtue is again under attack.
In the early days in Rome, Christians were viewed as an alien cult and suffered persecution until emperors Constantine and Licinius proclaimed a new era of religious tolerance in the Roman Empire in 313 AD. Emperor Theodosius I published an edict in 380 AD giving the bishops of Rome and Alexandria (the Nicene faith) exclusive rights to promote Christianity in the Roman Empire. The empire had eastern and western divisions that were soon to split. Christianity also split into eastern and western divisions. Theodosius attempted to resolve the growing schism in Christianity by convening an ecumenical council at Constantinople. Theodosius promoted the Nicean (Roman) orthodoxy which included the Trinity idea, adding the Holy Ghost to the Father and Son. Theodosius attempted to ban other religious practices, referred to as paganism.
The Roman Church, the main expression of western Christianity for many centuries, was carried throughout Europe by Roman armies and later spread by European nations who colonized the Americas and other regions of the world. The catechism of the Roman Church was strict and exclusive: non-members (pagans, jews and heretics) were excluded from God’s love, barred from a pleasant life after death and faced eternal damnation in hell. Priests and soldiers marched together and collaborated on gaining wealth and political control wherever they went. As a result of Spanish Imperialism, the Roman Church increased its wealth, political power, and continued to develop into an international corporation. Church leaders assumed aristocratic status. They hired the best artists, musicians, architects and builders to glorify the church. The "Holy Roman Empire" began with rulers endorsed by the Roman Pope. Charlemagne was the first crowned by the Roman Pope in 800. Eventually, Emperors discovered they could do without papal coronation. Charles V of Spain was the last Emperor to be crowned by the Pope in 1530. At that time the Spanish Empire dominated Europe. The Spanish Empire expanded globally, dominating the oceans with its navy. The Holy Roman Empire ended in 1806 when the last Emperor, Francis II of Austria abdicated, following a military defeat by the French under Napoleon.
Voltaire described the Holy Roman Empire as an agglomeration which was neither Holy, nor Roman, nor an empire. The spread of Christianity was a brutal affair. Soldiers and priests offered local communities, who had their own beliefs and rituals, a choice between death or membership in the Roman Church. Routery suggested :“The Christian religion has, so often, spread through violence, force and coercion, yet, its advocates, who have written the histories most of us learned in school, portray it, as having been, joyfully embraced by the ancient world, a loving embrace whose only restriction was imposed by the corrupt Roman state like a mean father with an innocent child. In this essay, I present the view of the pagans without apology. In truth, the Roman Church triumphed by marrying the Empire, in that most fateful of centuries, the Fourth, and for the most part people converted because they were terrorized into doing so or forced to by ferociously repressive new laws. In the forced conversion of the inhabitants of the Roman Empire to Christianity, the new religion set itself apart from others, particularly, in its jealousy and extreme intolerance of any other spiritualties. In the ancient world this mania to impose one God, exclusively, was an aberration. Israel had attempted it, but only upon its own ethnic group. “
Eastern Orthodox Churches remain the third largest branch of Christianity existing apart from the Roman Church. National orthodox churches are found in many Eastern European and Asian countries: Russia, Greece, Serbia, Poland, the Czech Republic, Bulgaria, Romania, and Georgia. Christianity arrived in Russia in the ninth century. There is a long history of interchurch disputes, battles, attempted reconciliations, and enduring schisms. The Roman church failed in its attempts to dominate Eastern countries, as the power of Roman Emperors declined. The crusades involved battles among Christian groups; for example, during the fourth crusade Christians from the west partially destroyed Constantinople. Muslims later seized control of the city and eventually Muslims ruled most of territories once occupied by Orthodox Christians. The Muslims made the patriarch of Constantinople the senior bishop, the patriarch of all Orthodox believers.