Fungi and Disease
Alpha Online ....Home | Products | Modular Nutrition | Medical Information

We prefer Clean Air,
Clean Water
and Healthy Food

Airborne Fungi
Fungal Infection
Immune Compromised
Skin Infection
Fungal in Buildings
Fungi in Hospitals
Allergy to Fungi
Fungi in Food
Politics of Mold

Blastomycosis Story
Fatal Brain Infection
2 slide culture
Blastomycosis Images
Medical Literature
Reflections on an Illness

Stephen Gislason MD

Air and Breathing Center

Persona Books

Alpha Education Books

Fungi in Food

Fungal contamination of food may be one of the more pervasive and seldom recognized cause of disease. Fungi produce mycotoxins that are versatile and potent causes of disease. Mycotoxins can cause acute and chronic illnesses, induce cancer, and damage vital organs such as the liver kidney and brain. A variety of fungi (Fusaria, Trichothecium, Cephalosporium, etc.) may contaminate grains and produce illness with symptoms such as vomiting, diarrhea, headaches, chills, dizziness, and blurred vision.

Aflatoxins are produced by molds which favor nuts, corn, millet, and figs. These toxins may produce symptoms like loss of appetite and jaundice (hepatitis) immediately and with repeated exposure, they are also carcinogenic; Some of these fungal metabolites are also neurotoxins that produce tremors as a conspicuous symptom. The same fungi, which produce aflatoxin, produce a tremorgen, known to cause "staggers" in sheep and cattle. The common fungi, which grow on food, even in the refrigerator, are Penicillium, Aspergillus, and Claviceps. Over 15 tremorgenic mycotoxins have been isolated from these fungi.

Sweet potato supports a fungal growth (Fusarium solani) especially when the tuber's surface is damaged. The fungus alters the potatoes' metabolism, and toxic stressors are produced. Ipomeanol is one such chemical that is liver and lung toxic. Lung disease in cattle is caused by fungal-infected sweet potatoes. Aspergillus is a ubiquitous fungus that can fatally infect patients with reduced immunity;

The mycotoxin ochratoxin A is a common contaminant of foods and beverages such as beer, coffee and wine. It is produced as a secondary metabolite of moulds from Aspergillus and Penicillium genera. Ochratoxin A inhibits protein synthesis by competition with phenylalanine its structural analogue and also enhances the production of oxygen free-radicals. Its multiple toxic effects include cytotoxicity, teratogenicity, genotoxicity, mutagenicity and carcinogenicity; OTA exposure was linked to “Balkan Endemic Nephropathy” with a high incidence of urinary tract tumors.

Ergot alkaloids (EA) are well-studied mycotoxins produced by several fungi that cause disease in plants and animals. The ergot alkaloids are diverse chemicals that act mostly in the nervous systems of animals. LSD is the best known ergot derived hallucinogen. Cereal grains often support fungi that produce ergot. Plants derive some protection against predators from the fungal growth; 

In their review, Schardl, Panaccione, and Tudzynski stated: “EA have been a major benefit, and a major detriment, to humans since early in recorded history. Their medicinal properties have been used, and continue to be used, to aid in childbirth, with new uses being found in the treatment of neurological and cardiovascular disorders. The surprisingly broad range of pharmaceutical uses for EA stems from their affinities for multiple receptors for three distinct neurotransmitters (serotonin, dopamine, and adrenaline), from the great structural diversity of natural EA, and from the application of chemical techniques that further expand that structural diversity. The dangers posed by EA to humans and their livestock stem from the ubiquity of ergot fungi (Claviceps species) as parasites of cereals, and of related grass molds that grow on pasture grasses and produce toxic levels of EA. Further concerns stem from saprophytic EA producers in the genera Aspergillus and Penicillium, especially A. fumigatus, an opportunistic pathogen of humans. Numerous fungal species produce EA with a wide variety of structures and properties. These alkaloids are associated with plants in the families Poaceae, Cyperaceae, and Convolvulaceae, apparently because these plants can have symbiotic fungi that produce EA. “

EA Drug effects vary: the include vasoconstrictors, smooth muscle contractors and psychotropic drugs. One of the lysergyl amides is LSD, the most potent hallucinogen known; For centuries outbreaks of ergot poisoning occurred in villages that consumed moldy rye flour. "St. Anthony's fire" referred symptoms, such as burning sensations in the limbs caused by blood vessel constriction in the limbs that sometimes lead to gangrene. EA made the victims “crazy” with hallucinations, convulsions and sometimes death.

Schardl CL; Panaccione DG; Tudzynski P. Ergot alkaloids--biology and molecular biology. Alkaloids Chem Biol; 2006; 63:45-86 (ISSN: 1099-4831)

'You are at Alpha Online, a service of Environmed Research Inc. Sechelt, British Columbia Canada. Alpha Online was developed by Environmed Research Inc. Sechelt, B.C., Canada. Online Since 1995. Orders for printed books and nutrient formulas are placed at Alpha Online.

All Alpha Nutrition products and services are ordered online. We ship through the Post Office to all destinations in Canada and the USA. All correspondence about your order is done by email.
Send email to Alpha Support. All orders are completed with encrypted security. Payments are made through Pay Pal by account or credit cards.

Your order information is private and confidential. Secure Order Site
Secured by GeoTrust QuickSSL

Order Alpha Education Books

Alpha Education Books: There are 20 books in this series that address important health issues and their solution. Everyone, who is interested in Nutritional Therapy, will need a copy of the Alpha Nutrition Program. All books can be downloaded as PDF files.

Click the add to cart buttons to begin your order for printed books for mail delivery to the USA and Canada. Click the Download buttons to order eBooks for download.

Print Book Read Topics Download
Alpha Nutrition Program
Aching and Fatigue
Air and Breathing
Alpha Nutrition Cooking
Alcohol Problems 
Gluten Problems 
Diabetes 2
Eating & Weight 
Skin Disease
Feeding Children
Human Brain
Food Allergy
Food & Digestion
Food Choices
Heart & Arterial
Immunology Notes
Inflammatory Arthritis
Nutrition Notes

alpha online

Nutrient Formulas for Meal Replacement Alpha ENF the complete nutrient set for meal replacement, nutrient supplementation and food holidays. Alpha PMX performance mix, the complete nutrient set except for fat with increased amino acids. Alpha DMX the complete nutrient set except for lipids ( fat) and carbohydrate... all vitamins, amino acids and minerals except sodium.

Special Nutrient Formulas, Medical Foods
Alpha AAX is the complete amino acid module.

Persona Digital publishes a series of books on current topics in psychology, sociology, neuroscience and philosophy. eBooks and can be downloaded to any destination on the planet. Printed books and eBooks are ordered from Alpha Online. Printed books are shipped only to Canada and the USA by postal services.

Nutritional Rescue Starter Packs Starter packs bundle books and formulas to help you get started solving your health problems. The starter packs are sold at discounts to make is easier and more affordable for you to learn more and try out a formula. A copy of the Alpha Nutrition Program is included in every starter pack. Starter Pack Details

Alpha Nutrition is a trademark and a division of Environmed Research Inc., founded in 1984 at Vancouver, BC, Canada. Online Since 1995. Experts in Self-Managed Care. Experts in Elemental Nutrient Formulas. We are located on the Sunshine Coast in Sechelt, a ferry ride from West Vancouver. Alpha Online can be reached using one of 2 URLS - or

PayPal is a secure payment gateway that authorizes credit card payment, usually within seconds of submitting your information. PayPal acts as a secure payment gateway for Visa, MasterCard, Discovery or AMEX credit cards. When your payment information is complete, you will receive an order confirmation email from PayPal and from Alpha Nutrition Online. We ship your order on the same or next business day.

Alpha Online Orders....Create Account| Start Order | Order Help | Logon